Leopold, Thomas, 2012, “The Legacy of Leaving Home: Long-Term Effects of Coresidence on Parent – Child Relationships,” Journal of Marriage and Family, 74(3): 399-412.
cross-national research; families in middle and later life; intergenerational transfers;parent – child relations; reciprocity; transition to adulthood
This study investigated how early, “on-time,” and late home leavers differed in their relations to parents in later life. A life course perspective suggested different pathways by which the time spent in the parental home may set the stage for intergenerational solidarity in aging families. Using fixed-effects models with data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (N = 14,739 parent – child dyads), the author assessed the effects of previous coresidence on intergenerational proximity, contact frequency, and support exchange more than 5 years after children had left home. The results indicated that, compared with siblings who moved out “on time,” late home leavers lived closer to their aging parents, maintained more frequent contact, and were more likely to be providers as well as receivers of intergenerational support. Overall, this evidence paints a positive picture of extended coresidence, revealing its potential to promote intergenerational solidarity across the life course.
Sandberg-Thoma, Sara E., Anastasia R. Snyder and Bohyun Joy Jang, 2015, “Exiting and Returning to the Parental Home for Boomerang Kids,” Journal of Marriage and Family, 77(3): 806-18.
home leaving; home returning; National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997; transition to adulthood
Young adults commonly exit from and return to the parental home, yet few studies have examined the motivation behind these exits and returns using a life course framework. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, the authors examined associations between mental health problems and economic characteristics and exits from (n = 8,162) and returns to (n = 6,530) the parental home during the transition to adulthood. The average age of the respondents was 24 years. The authors found evidence that mental health and economic characteristics were related to home leaving and returning. Emotional distress was associated with earlier exits from and returns to the parental home; alcohol problems were associated with earlier returns to the parental home. The findings regarding economic resources were unexpectedly mixed. Greater economic resources were linked to delayed exits from and earlier returns to the parental home. The implications of these findings for young adults are discussed.